Category Archives: Nets

New AREC EmComm Repeater Group Net

Dear Fellow Ham:

I am introducing you to a new area radio net starting on January 10, 2019 at 7:00 PM on 146.670 mHz (600kHz down, 110.9 PL). The AREC Repeater Group ( President and Trustee have given their approval. I’m calling it the VOAD Net (Voluntary Organizations Active in Disaster). See

In VOAD there are many organizations, including ARES, that support recovery at times of disaster. The idea is to have a modified controlled net where individuals may share what’s new in their hobby, especially about EmComm. Perhaps we’ll talk about the VOAD organizations and describe their disaster work. My hope is to contact member organizations to educate them about our services and encourage individuals of their membership to become ham radio operators. All hams are welcome and encouraged to participate in this net.


Rob Adams

Nets: DMR Nets

Times are in Central (CST)

01:00PM EU ENG TG-92
01:10PM CO DAILY WX TG-310815
02:00PM Europe TG-92
06:00PM Hot Spots / HAM Radio TG-31772
06:00PM Light Christian TG-31479
06:00PM Young Persons 31012
07:00PM So East FL Tech TG-3112529
07:00PM TAC310 DMR-MARC TG-310
07:30PM CONN TG-3109
08:00PM DMR-Track TG-31489
08:00PM VE7LE TED TG-302
11:00PM DMR VE7LE TG-311

12:00PM Cyprus Monday TG-280
01:10PM CO DAILY WX TG-310815
06:30PM FR Monday 3027
08:10PM OK VOIP TG-3140
09:30PM LCMS Disaster Response TG-310703
10:00PM PAPA Roundtable CA Statewide TG-3106

06:00AM KOWABUNGA TG-31674
01:10PM CO DAILY WX TG-310815
06:00PM VE3ORF / 3730 TG-3026
07:00PM IN Statewide TG-3118
07:00PM PA Radio AM ateurs TG-3142
07:30PM TX Statewide TG-31648
08:00PM ID Statewide TG-3116
08:30PM Hytera BrandMeister USA TG-31089
09:00PM AR Statewide TG-3105
09:30PM Ventura County Club VCDRC TG-31070
10:00PM SNARS weekly TG-31328

12:00PM Cyprus TG-2806
01:10PM CO DAILY WX TG-310815
04:00PM NA Tech TG-93
07:00PM SW VA TG-3151
07:00PM MN Statewide TG-3127
07:30PM OH Statewide 3139
07:30PM TX TG-31648
08:00PM Astronomy TG-31175
09:00PM PACIFIC NW TG-31771
10:00PM EU Europe TG-92

01:10PM CO DAILY WX TG-310815
06:00PM Kings County RC TG-31653
07:00PM AR SKYWARN TG-3105 TG-3105
07:00PM IL Digital TG-31171
07:00PM KY KY TG-3121
07:00PM WV TG-3154
07:00PM WV and Service TG-3154
07:30PM Hytera BrandMeister USA TG-31089
08:00PM 100W on wire NE TG-13
08:00PM AR TG-3105
08:00PM IL digital TG-31171
08:00PM Kings County RC TG-31653
08:00PM NA Tech TG-3
09:00PM NORTHERN CA TG-31063
09:00PM Ventura County Club VCDRC TG-310652
09:30PM OK VOIP TG-3140

01:10PM CO DAILY WX TG-310815
07:00PM Triangle NC Question TG-31371
07:30PM TGIF TG-9
08:00PM LO Statewide TG-3122
08:30PM CO HD Hotspot Discussion TG-31088

09:00AM FR TG-3022
11:00AM WW TG91 WW TG-91
01:10PM CO DAILY WX TG-310815
02:30PM OUTDOOR 4X4 GROUP TG-31772
07:00PM TAC310 TG-310
07:00PM WIA news TG-31674
08:00PM AR Newsline TG-31674

73 Doug KE5CDK

Nets: Amateur Radio Net Formats

An Amateur Radio Net, or simply Ham net, is an “on-the-air” gathering of Amateur Radio operators. The word “net” is short for “network”. Networks can be defined as groups of equipment, individuals, and/or agencies acting together to increase efficiency and effectiveness through shared information and resources. The word “network” can be further broken down into its two components. “Net” implies a capture and holding effect. “Work” implies that something productive is to be accomplished. Ham radio operators and nets in emergency situation capture, record, hold, and distribute information so that others may work (produce results) more effectively.

The purpose of any net is to provide a means for orderly communication within a group of stations. In a directed net, a net control station (NCS) organizes and controls all activity. Directed nets are the best format when there are a large number of member stations. Nets are either directed (formal) or undirected (informal or open).

Directed Nets
A directed net is formal, has a set of rules or net directives, all communications must go through net control. It controls the frequency with net-related traffic only, and has a specified person in charge, the Net Control Station (NCS). The NCS will issue specific instructions on how he/she wants the net to run.

A directed net is one in which it is necessary to obtain permission from the NCS before transmitting to other stations in the net.

Scheduled Nets
Directed nets are divided into two types: Scheduled and Emergency nets. Scheduled nets have fixed times, frequencies and format. Scheduled nets include ARES, RACES, Club, Traffic and ARPSC nets.

Amateur Radio Emergency Services (ARES) nets are open to any licensed amateur radio operator. They may be originated by club or public service events. They may also serve agencies like the Red Cross, Salvation Army or any other non-governmental agency.

Radio Amateur Civil Emergency Service (RACES) nets have specific requirements for initiation and discussion can be found in the Emergency Nets section. Weekly RACES training nets may be scheduled or initiated by the RO. Scheduled RACES nets may be used to conduct monthly Emergency Operations Center (EOC) Nets.

The club net is another excellent place to break in a NCO trainee. Most of the time, they are run as a directed net in a relaxed atmosphere. These are great training grounds for Net Control Operators. They may be informational, training or just fellowship. Many clubs make check-ins to the club net part of participation requirements.

Amateur Radio Public Service Corps (APRSC) nets can be held at the ARRL Section, District, and Local levels. These are information nets. Participants are informed of ARRL policies, news, events, and appointments. These nets represent an excellent training opportunity and should be held weekly. These are always directed nets.

Traffic Net handles formal written messages in a specified format. The nets operated by the National Traffic System (NTS) are an excellent example of traffic nets.

Emergency Nets
The second type of directed or formal net is Emergency net. “Emergency” may be defined as an accident or other crisis where people and/or property are in distress. Emergencies are nearly always recognized and declared by agencies or authorities outside of the Amateur Radio Service. Amateur Radio operators and net control stations do not have independent authority to declare an emergency.

An Emergency Net is a group of stations who provide communication to one or more served agencies or to the general public in an emergency. Emergency nets may have different purposes and a given emergency may require one or more of these types of net. During a small operation, all functions may be combined into one net. SkyWarn and RACES ae examples of emergency nets. Tactical, Command, Resource and Information nets are types of emergency functions used during an Emergency Net.

SkyWarn NETS
It is absolutely essential that all Net Control Operators be aware of and fully familiar with the SkyWarn activation process for their area and be fully trained by attending the NWS or Emergency Management training sessions for summer and winter weather. Weather reports on severe weather nets are limited to critical sever weather observations unless specifically requested by the net control operator. The procedure for alerting the Weather Net and a list of what to report and how to report using the Time, Event, Location (T E L) method.

SkyWarn nets are usually run under the ARES flag. They are nearly always directed nets, with varying degrees of net discipline, held on local repeaters, FM simplex, and HF frequencies. The level of formality is set by the NCS. ARES NCS operators should be RACES qualified and should be familiar with the incident Command Structure (ICS).

Radio Amateur Civil Emergency Service (RACES) nets are a bit different.

They are federally sponsored by FEMA and can only be activated by a governmental official. This appointed or elected official can be a local, state, or federal level. It is usually a County Emergency Manager, Sheriff or the State Police.

A RACES net, under current law, can only have RACES membership. An operator must be RACES qualified in order to participate. To become qualified, an operator must take a simple, short course of instruction available from FEMA. The text for the course and the open book test are available on the internet from FEMA.

As a general rule of thumb during a RACES net you cannot communicate with a non-RACES station. This is a topic of considerable debate. Some individuals and groups claim an interpretation of the rules that allows communication with non-RACES stations. This is predicated on permission being granted by a government official for such communications. (See Part 97 subpart E: Providing Emergency Communications)

These are always directed nets requiring fairly tight net discipline.

The NCS is nearly always located in a pre-designated Emergency Operations Center. Expect to deal with a number of agencies and manage communications liaisons with most of them. NCS operators will normally be reporting directly to the EC/RO.
RACES NCS operators and net participants should be familiar with the Incident Command System (ICS).

Participants in RACES activities are covered by their State’s Disability/Workman’s Compensation Structure. Recent changes in Federal law also gives participants increased, but limited, liability protection against the possibility of being sued for actions they might take as emergency volunteers.

A RACES training net is currently limited by flaw, to a minimum of one hour of airtime per month. A RACES training net may be called or initiated by the RO.

Big events are most often run using the Incident Command System. The ICS uses a different form of a standby net. It is called a Resource Net. These nets are always directed. The Resource Net Control Station makes assignments, gives instructions, and directs the flow of available resources. The Resource NCS receives requests for transportation, equipment, supplied and personnel from a front-line Tactical Net, the Command Net, and outside served agencies. A resource net may be needed to acquire volunteers and hand assignments. Resource nets accept check-ins from arriving volunteers who are then directed to contact an appropriate station or to proceed to a specific location.

Tactical nets are used for real-time coordination of activities related to the emergency. This is a fast moving ofent less formal operation. Tactical nets are used after an event has occurred or during and after a lengthy event. They are found on the “front lines” of response, disaster assessment, recovery and Search and Rescue operations. There may be several of these nets running at the same time; on different frequencies and from widespread locations… all reporting to a “master” Tactical NCS at the EOC.

Command NETS
Command nets are encountered in all large disasters or emergencies. This is a communications net established to keep the top “executive board” of emergency officials informed. They are also used by fire departments and police agencies during smaller, local events. They are run in accordance with the ICS. It would be rare for amateurs to be involved directly in one of these nets, but fairly common for amateur nets and sub-nets to be reporting certain information to a command net. For now, just be aware that they exist and that they are guys who are really running the show.

An Information Net is usually an open net used to collect or share information on a developing situation without overly restricting the use of the frequency by others. The operation of an information net also serves as notice to all stations that a more formal net may be activated any moment if conditions warrant. A good example is a SkyWarn weather net activated during a severe storm watch.

Undirected Nets
The informal or undirected net is the last example of net format. An open net can be held in the midst of other normal frequency traffic. It is very informal; net participants may converse directly and there may or may not be a specified net control operator (station). If a net control is selected from the group, that NCS can set the level of formality with informal net guidelines.

Nets: Amateur Radio Net Protocol

A “Net” is an on-the-air meeting of amateur radio operators. Usually, the group’s discussion centers on a particular topic-in our case, emergency communications and associated topics.

Nets are usually held on a regular basis on a predetermined frequency. Most nets are “directed nets” meaning there are certain rules that must be followed. One operator, acting as Net Control, is responsible for moderating the conversation and keeping order on the air. When on a directed net, you should not speak unless/until you are called on by Net Control. Think of it like a classroom – you must raise your hand and wait for the teacher to call on you before you address the class. Same thing on the air! You can imagine that if everyone spoke at once, there would be chaos.

When Net Control calls on you, you should address the group and close with your call sign. If you wish to address a comment to a particular person, you need to ask Net Control for permission first. If permission is granted, have your conversation with that person and then indicate that you are returning the frequency to Net Control.

So, you’re on a net and you want to speak up. How do you “raise your hand” on the air? Well, there are several options. Say:

“KC2XYZ, Question” – when you would like to ask a question
“KC2XYZ, Comment” – when you want to throw in your two cents
“KC2XYZ, Info” – when you can provide additional information or answer a question

ALWAYS, wait for Net Control to acknowledge you before speaking and give your call sign right away so everyone knows who is talking. AND, lastly, remember, to comply with FCC rules, you must identify yourself by call sign every 10 minutes and when you are finished speaking. Some repeaters have a 2 to 3 minute timeout timer, so you may have to unkey and rekey before the repeater cuts you off! Nobody wants be thought of as long-winded.

That’s all there is to it! The best advice is to listen to a few nets before jumping in to participate. You’ll get the hang of this in no time!


Florida HF Nets




0730 Sat ARRL Information Net 3.940
0745 Waterway Net 7.268
0800 Sun FL Traders’ Net 3.933
0800-1400 SOUTHCARS – #10348 7.251
0800 Sat South Florida ARES Net 3.940
0800 Sat QCWA/OOTC Net 3.955
0800 Tues Buckaroo Traffic Net 7.248
0800 SOUTHCARS 7.251
0830 Gator Net 3.651 / 7.061
0900 Mon. – Sat North Florida ARES Net 3.950
0900 Sun. Swap Net 7.275
1200 Florida Midday Traffic Net 7.242
1200 Mon – Fri RV Service Net 14.308
1245 SOUTHCARS 7.251
1500 Sun QCWA Quarter Century Wireless Association 14.347
1630 Florida Public Opns Net 3.908
1745 Tropical / FAST Net 3.940
1845 Florida Medium Speed Traffic Net >3.552
1830 North Florida Phone Net 3.950
1900 QFN: All Florida CW Traffic Net (Early) 3.547 / 7.051
1930 Mon & Fri Swap Net 3.898
2000 QFNS: All Florida Slow Speed CW Traffic Net 3.571
2200 QFN: All Florida CW Traffic Net (Late) 3.547 / 7.051
2230 South Florida Traffic Net (Late) 3.940
Every night,
Join the fun
10 Meter Round Table 28.383
Check Nightly 160 Meter Round Table 1.883